What is Ectopic pregnancy ?| Ectopic pregnancy:symptoms,causes,effects and treatment

What is Ectopic pregnancy ?| Ectopic pregnancy:symptoms,causes,effects and treatment

What is ectopic pregnancy??
Pregnancy is the most happy and memorable part of a women's life. In normal pregnancy sperm meets with the egg and fertilized. The fertilized egg travel through the fallopian tube to the uterus and implant to the wall of uterus and pregnancy develops there.

In ectopic pregnancy fertilized egg implants and develop in other parts of reproductive organs like fallopian tubes,  ovaries,  abdomen and cervix rather than uterus.  Ectopic pregnancy is also known as extrauterine pregnancy,  EUP or EP. The word ectopic means out of place.

What is Ectopic pregnancy ?

In India every year less than 1 million cases of ectopic pregnancy are seen. In developed countries the percentage of ectopic pregnancy is low as compare to developing world.

Ectopic pregnancy occurs out of it's normal place. In normal pregnancy fertilized egg travel from fallopian tube to the uterus.  A fallopian cilia helps the egg to travel to the uterus. Fallopian cilia is a hair like on the internal surface of the fallopian tube which carries egg to the uterus.

Ectopic pregnancy mostly occurs in the fallopian tube , it also known as tubal pregnancy.  Ectopic pregnancy can be developed in the ovaries, in the abdomen or at cervix. But ectopic pregnancy leads to dangerous for mother. It may be the cause of death of a pregnant woman. In ectopic pregnancy baby don't get develop as of normal pregnancy baby.

Symptoms of ectopic pregnancy: 

Symptoms of ectopic pregnancy can be as follows:
  • Woman with ectopic pregnancy may feel heavy pain in the abdomen. 
  • Bleeding or vaginal bleeding is also a symptom of ectopic pregnancy. 
  • Vomiting and nausea with pain is a symptom of ectopic pregnancy. 
  • Pain in the one side of abdomen is one symptom of ectopic pregnancy. 
  • Pelvic pain is also a symptom of ectopic pregnancy. 
  • In ectopic pregnancy woman can feel abdominal cramps. 

Causes of ectopic pregnancy: 

There are many risk factors or causes of ectopic pregnancy.  Ectopic pregnancy happens due to PID I.e pelvic inflammatory disease.  If a woman had PID  then she may have a chance of ectopic pregnancy in future.  

If a woman had a pelvic surgery in past then she may have risk of ectopic pregnancy. 

Ectopic pregnancy occurs due to the IVF drugs or medications. 

Damage fallopian tube is also a cause of ectopic pregnancy.  The reduce in the number of fallopian cilia can cause a tubal pregnancy or ectopic pregnancy.  If a woman have narrow fallopian tube then it also a reason of ectopic or tubal pregnancy.  

Previous ectopic pregnancy may be the reason for the future ectopic pregnancy. 

Effects of ectopic pregnancy: 

Ectopic pregnancy have mostly bad effects on the health of a woman.  If ectopic pregnancy develop in the fallopian tube then it may rupture the fallopian tube. And also it damages the tissues of the fallopian tube.  There may be fractures of the fallopian tube. 

Due to the undevelopment of fetus the miscarriage can be happen.

A woman with ectopic pregnancy have more chances of ectopic pregnancy in next future pregnancies. 

Ectopic pregnancy can also be deadly for the mother if not diagnosed early and not treated well.  The death rate of ectopic pregnancy woman in the first trimester is more in the developing countries as compare to the developed countries. 

Treatment of ectopic pregnancy:

If doctor diagnosis the ectopic pregnancy and confirm it then she/he talk to you upon this and advice you medication if diagnosed in the early stages.  If medications can not treat ectopic pregnancy then doctors recommend for the surgery.  Surgery is laparoscopy, it is a small incision perform to treat and diagnose the ectopic pregnancy and is an alternative to open surgery. 

If condition is worst then doctors may also advise you for laparotomy in which a large incision is performed to treat ectopic pregnancy.  

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